Anjing Kintamani Bali dan Penyakit Kulit yang Sering Menyerang

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Anjing Kintamani Bali dan Penyakit Kulit yang Sering Menyerang

2.1 Chinese
Dogs are one of the carnivorous mammals that have various roles in human life. Dogs are believed to have inhabited the earth millions of years ago. Dogs are suspected to have first lived in Asia or Eurasia, then moved from one continent to another, especially to the Americas when the Eurasian continent had not separated from the American continent.

Evidence of the existence of dogs in Indonesia in ancient times can be seen at the Gilimanuk archaeological site, Bali province. Dog bones can be found in this place as well as human bones (Puja, 2011).

Dogs in the Middle East are believed to be the place where wolves were first domesticated. (Puya, 2011).  

According to Budiana (2006), Teleh dogs were domesticated from wolves between 10,000 and 15,000 years ago. Through the process of domestication, hundreds of breeds with various variations were developed.

Dogs are fun animals to make friends with because they are loyal and honest animals. The ability to smell and hear is good, so it can be used if you can educate it well (Dharmawan, 2009).

Some of the reasons people have dogs are for friends, fun, pride , and extra activities (Budiana, 2006).

Most experts estimate Canis lupus is the ancestor of the ancestors that exist today. This is based on the many similarities that dogs have with wolves. 

The basic characteristics that become, namely, the tail, the same gestation period, have territorial limits, the characteristics of life, and the diseases and parasites encountered are generally the same. The striking difference between wolfdogs lies in the lying and ferocious nature of wolves. For their part, dogs that have been domesticated have a docile character (Puja, 2011).

Scientific classification based on an explanation from the Indonesian Wikipedia. (Dharmawan, 2009), namely:
Kingdom                 : animals
sub-kingdom           : Eumetazoi
Division                    : chord
subtype              : Vertebrates
Sort out                       : mammals
subclass                  : Theria
Organize                       : predator
subordinate                  : Caniform
subfamily               : puppy
Ethnic group                        : dog
Gender                      : canis
Variation                    : lupus dog
Subspecies              : familial lupus

2.2 Balinese Kintamani Dog
The Kintamani Bali Dog hails from the mountainous and forested areas of the Bangli area, Bali province. The Kintamani Bali Dog is a local mountain dog that lives around Kintamani and was previously known as the gembrong dog. (Balinese language). 

Its original habitat is in the area around Sukawan village, Kintamani district, Bangli regency. Balinese Kintamani Dog categorized as Indonesian germplasm, which is highly developed for commercial purposes.

The Kintamani Bali Dog is the only native Indonesian dog that has an attractive appearance and has been designated as the first Indonesian dog breed by Ole Perkin (Indonesian Kinology Association) in 2006 and Kenn is legalized as the first Asian Mentau and Kuphadi MentaU Bangli, Bali Province which is a high prize for Bali Kintamani dogs (Puya, 2007).

The Kintamani Bali Dog is the only old dog in Bali, especially the Kintamani.

There is an assumption that the Kintamani Bali Dog is a cross between a Chow-Chow dog originating from China and a Balinese dog that has experienced genetic diversity (Puja et al ., 2005). Please note that there is no relationship between the Chow - Chow dog and the Kintamani Bali Dog.

Scientific studies have been conducted on the origin of the Kintamani Bali Dog from anatomical studies to molecular studies. Anatomical appearance studies conducted indicated that one group of dogs was said to be equal to another group having qualities.

A comparison of the morphology of the Kintamani Bali Dog with a pariah dog has been carried out and based on an anatomical study of the Kintamani Bali Dog it is not related to a pariah dog.

Molecular studies were carried out with the genetic continuity of the Bali Kintamani Dog. The study was found in the Journal of Heredity  Published in 2005 from the United States Written by Ole Puja and others Comparing the genetic makeup of the Bali Kintamani Dog with 18 other dog breeds.

The results of the study indicated that the Kintamani Bali Dog came from a parrot that had evolved, resulting in changes in genetic diversity (Puja, 2007).

Kintamani Bali Dog looks attractive at a small to medium size. The average height of the male Kintamani Bali Dog is 51.25 cm with an average weight of 15.09 kg. The average height of the bitches is 44.65 cm, with an average weight of 13.24 kg (Puja, 2011).

The Kintamani Bali Dog has an athletic body shape, beautiful thick hair, and the main length is across the shoulders, tail, and hind legs. The Kintamani Bali Dog's coat color is white, black, brown, and a mix of all three.

There are 6 types of hair in dogs. The hair type of the Kintamani Bali Dog varies from bentley wavy, small wavy to . Wavy wavy hair is fine hair that is shorter and finer than the pale wavy hair that sits below spiky wavy hair . Fine wavy hair is finer, wavy finer and found by lane hair (Puja, 2007).

The Kintamani Bali Dog stands upright and is triangular in shape with a distinctive colored ear tip. The size of the Kintamani Bali Dog's head is very proportional to the size of the body with a broad, unlined forehead. Straight, strong body with thick, crescent-shaped tail hair (Puja, 2011).

Kintamani Bali dogs are intelligent dogs, so they are easy to use. The Kintamani Bali Dog has a keen sense of smell, good swimming skills, and can run fast.

Kintamani Bali Dogs are very good as agility dogs. The nature of the Kintamani Bali Dog is not fierce and it is very loyal to its owner, which is why it is very good to be used as a companion dog (Puja, 2011).

2.2.1 Kintamani Bali Standard Dog
Worldwide, there are three regulatory bodies for canines, namely the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), the American Kennel Club (AKC), and the Kennel Club . Abbreviations for each body group dogs according to their own rules.

According to the FCI, dogs are divided into 10 groups. The respective groups are short-term subgroups of return to ( section ). This division is based on the general appearance and usefulness of these uses (Puja, 2011).

Since 1980, the Kintamani Bali Dog has received attention and in 2006, Perkin designated the Kintamani Bali Dog as the first purebred dog native to Indonesia.

Based on the book " Kintamani Dog Mascot Fauna Bangli Regency" , this determination is accompanied by the determination of the standard breed of the Bali Kintamani Dog which consists of 15 elements, namely:

a.                  FCI Classification
Kintamani Bali dogs based on the FCI grouping are in Group 5, namely Spitz and primitive types and in Subgroup 5 ( Asian Spitz and related breeds ).

Spitz is the name for several types of dogs that have the characteristics of long, thick fur and small, upright ears. In German Spitz means to show or sharp. The appearance of the dogs in this group is also beautiful, which is why people breed and act as companion dogs (Puja, 2011).

two.                  Source
The Kintamani Bali Dog hails from Kintamani, Bangli Regency, Bali Province, Indonesia.

3.        Uses or Benefits
The Kintamani Bali Dog is used by the community as a pet dog .

four        General appearance
The Kintamani Bali Dog is a medium-sized dog that offers compact anatomy and a handsome appearance. The hair is long, beautiful and bushy, it has long guinea pigs and fur .

Bulu Badong is a word that comes from the Balinese language and means longer hair behind the ears and around the neck.

Bulu Gumba is a word that comes from the Balinese language and means hair that is longer on the shoulders and extends to the back of the body.

5.        Character or Temperament
The Kintamani Bali Dog is a dog with a good personality, intelligent, young, agile and brave. It has a cautious nature, loyal to its owner and has strong instincts.

6.        Head
The head of the Kintamani Bali Dog falls into the category of clean head ( slight head), broad head on top, flat forehead and cheeks with large strong jaws to match the size of the head.

The skull of the Kintamani Bali Dog viewed from above is almost triangular in shape with the length of the muzzle half the length of the head and there is a slight notch in the middle.

The nose is quite wide and well developed, black or dark brown. The color of the nose may become paler with age.

The Kintamani Bali Dog is scissor-toothed with a total of 20 maxillary teeth and 22 jaws. The lips are blackish brown with an overall blue or bluish mottled tongue.

The eyes are medium in size and oval in shape. Black and brown eye color with white eyelashes. The ears of the Kintamani Bali Dog are strong and thick, erect with the auricles forward, V-shaped with the tip slightly forward.