Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya

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Judul : Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
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Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya


The skin or in its illuminant language, the integumentum communae is the newest largest in the body that covers the muscles and internal organs. The skin weight can be pekkana 24% of the body weight of puppies and pekkana 12-15% body weight of adult dogs. The skin reflects the state of health of the individual.

The functions of the skin are:
  1. Protection against the environment mechanically, chemically, air evaporation, radiation, hypertonic environment, hypotonic kuumang, and other biological substances.
  2. body temperature (temperature regulator) because the skin can get hair, sweat, and blood vessels that can form a body temperature regulating.
  3. under the feeling
  4. The most mysterious organ
  5. Place for Vitamin D Food and Fat Depot (subcutaneous)

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Dog Skin Structure
(Case: Vardhani and Franziska, 2012)


The skin consists of three layers of lazuli, namely:

1. Epidermis

The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin, which is constantly growing and changing. The regeneration of the skin salts will continue to be filled due to the erosion of the external salts and other salts of matalab which are ripe and swollen up for the damaged kossati salts.

The epidermis varies in thickness. The epidermis undergoes a process of keratinization (cornification) and can be differentiated into footwear, ruffled and others.

In more exposed areas, such as the head and buttocks, the epidermis is thicker than in areas such as the armpits and abdomen.

2. Skin

The dermis is located in the deep epidermis and occupies the largest position of the envelope, and is the building block of the skin structure and is the skin of the skin. The dermis consists of two main layers, namely:
  • papilla pins. This papillary layer is thin and thin with the epidermis and dermal papillae.
  • Lapis is reticular. The reticular layer is thicker than the papillary layer.

In addition, there are also other elements such as blood, lymph, and nerves. There are chicken hair follicles that produce hair, sweat sweats, sebaceous glands, musculus arrector pili (its function is to empty the sebaceous glands and in thermoregulation), and elements of the leg and innervated by the communicating ramuss. Hair follicles and oily mucus are more common on the back of the abdomen.

3. Hypodermis (subcutaneous tissue)

A thick layer in the deep dermis and contains a mass of fat, blood and lymph. In this hypodermis there can be Corpusculus Pacini (hard pressure) and Corpusculus Meissner (light pressure).

The hypodermis is composed of connective tissue so that it does not adhere to the deep kirsoon so that the skin can breathe freely.

On the skin there are hairs and body functions from the outside environment. Hair that grows on the skin has three structures, namely, scapus pili, pili radix, and bulbus pili.

In the hair parts are the cuticle (the outermost and thinnest part), the cortex (deep cuticle and slightly enlarged pigment) and the medulla (the deepest part which enlarges the pigment and blowal spaces). The combination of cortex in and medulla pigments affects hair color.

Adult Dog Hair Type Complex of Hair Type Is. Hair comes out of the surface of the scaly folds. There are two types of hair in his coat namely, primary and secondary hair. Primary Hair Also Strengthens Barber Hair, Outer Hair, Hair Protection Or Outer Coat Which Is Long Hair That Is Stiff And Is On The Outside.

Secondary hair is fine hair that is shorter, secondary hair is also called underfur and is in the lower width. Primary Hair Glowing Larger Me Cloudy, Seconder Hair Glowing Smaller Diameter and Smooth Like Wool.

The ratio of bathed hair between primary and secondary hands of the dog's age. For newborn puppies, the primary hair is a little healthy and the puppy's hair is very soft. As you treat a pekkana puppy at six months of age, the abata hair will grow more healthy and the hair will become coarser.

Factors that influence the growth of hair, hair follicles. Each dead hair shaft will be harmed by the new hair shaft. Speed ​​and Fertility, Hair Growth Affected by Dog's Age, Amount of Sunlight, Lingingan Temperature, Gender, Hormone, Nutrition, Allergy, Skin Diseases, And Others.

The dog's hair does not grow constantly, but twists the futsang cyskel. Anagen is the first phase in which hair is produced. New hair grows on the same side of the hair that was lost.

Catagen is the deep stage in the cycle and telogen is the follicle suppression phase in which the bahini is active. Hair growth in hair follicles is not all in the same phase, it varies.

In addition to hair, the skin also gets skin elasticity. in the skin from sweat glands (sweat glands) and oil glands (sebum glands). tasadi sweat from eccrine sweat glands and apocrine sweat glands.

Eccrine sweat glands are sweat glands that drain directly into the skin of the body, in dogs it can only be found on the pads of the feet and not on the skin of the body. While the apocrine sweat glands are associated with hair follicles (the skin only has this sweat).

Sebaceous glands that oil the hair and skin as well as an antimicrobial. The special form of the sebaceous glands is the tarsal glands which often form the meibonia glands.

Sebaceous glands and apocrine glands are combined in Bakian, Eco and Anal. The secretion of hormones from the tail gland is associated with puberty and estrus. The perianal glands of the sanghe (anal pouch) speak by marking territory and attracting females.

Skin Disorder

The common skin irritation caused by the dog khussani animal can be divided into five different feelings, namely:

Ulitis due to infection factors

a. bacteria

1. Pyoderma

Pyoderma means the presence of pus in the skin. This condition can be caused by infection, inflammation, or cancer.

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Pyoderma gymmunty is usually the result of a bacterial infection. The most common infection is Gyumtuna in the skin surface and can be due to secondary reactions from other diseases such as allergies and parasites.

Warm skin, soft areas such as lip folds, facial folds, and skin folds on the neck can be seen more than other areas, thus interfering with the risk factors for teratinizing pyoderma.

New points are often seen from the outside, such as the elbows and are often accompanied by pyoderma. In addition, the influence of the environment and humidity can also prevent cases of pyoderma due to the faster growth of bacteria.

The most common signs of pyoderma are the presence of dandruff, alopecia and skin rashes. With deep pyoderma: the dog will secrete pus and blood, odor secretion, rosysome skin, ulceration, and swelling.

The muzzle area of ​​the mouth, elbows, feet and more susceptible to interdigital temama, deep pyoderma. Diagnosis is based on the presenting symptoms and identifying the causes of pyoderma such as bacteria, hives, allergies, hypothyroidism and prevention of pyoderma.

Pyoderma is divided into:
  • Superficial pyoderma
  • chin pyoderma
  • nasal pyoderma
  • deep pyoderma

2. Impetigo

Impetigo is a bacterial infection of the hairless surface of the skin and may be associated with a predisposition to disease or other factors, such as endoparasites, ectoparasites, poor nutrition or a dirty environment.

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Impetigo groin
Presentation of impetigo can be seen in young dogs before puberty. Impetigo is characterized by non-follicular pustules, papules and erosions confined to the inguinal and axillary skin. Lesions do not make it difficult and the presence of itching.

Diagnosis by looking at signs, history taking, clinical examination, cytological examination.

3. Bacterial pododermatitis

Bacterial pododermatitis, is an infection in the bacteria of the feet which is a secondary result of other causative factors such as parasites, fungi, endocrinopathy, hypersensitivity reactions, trauma, and autoimmune reactions. Silver bacterial pododermatitis in dogs.

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya

The visible symptoms are in one or more legs, namely, interdigital erythema, pustules, papules, nodules, hemorrhagic blisters, fistulas, ulcers, alopecia and swelling.

Itching, pain or lameness may be noted in this case. Diagnosis Correct diagnosis.

4. Pyotraumatic dermatitis

Pyotraumatic dermatitis is an acute and bacterial infection that attacks the skin separately.

The earlier lesions are caused by licking, chewing or rubbing their own tunics in response to a pruritic or painful stimulus. This service case is tadari when the weather is hot and lean.

Pyotraumatic dermatitis is common in dogs, especially those with long and thick breasts.

Pyotraumatic dermatitis presents with acute pruritus, erythema and extensive alopecia. The lesion is single, often on the base, lateral thighs, neck, and tail of the face. The diagnosis is made based on history, clinical examination and cytologic examination.

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Pyotraumatic dermatitis

b. Mold

1. Bell Worm

Ringworm or Dermatophytosis is a general term used for fungal infections of the epidermis, hair and nails. Fungal infections are caused by Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Ringworm is an infection by rambutan and stratum corneum by keratinophilic fungi (keratophiles).

Ringworm causes infection with Microsporum canis tadana in 65% of dogs. This case of ringworm is common in puppies, kittens, long-bred cats, and animals with immature immune systems (animals with weakened immunity).

Infected skin may be localized, or usually multifocal. The lesions are circular, or may be purulent irregular diffuse alopecia of varying degrees. The itching can be moderate but is often intense.

Stomach worms in the head area

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Stomach worms in the leg area
Hair will look strong and broken. Other symptoms include erythema, papules, desquamation, seborrhea, and paronychia or onychodystrophy of one or more digits.

Other cutaneous manifestations in tutwana dogs are facial and furunculosis, similar to nasal pyoderma, kerionen (can be acute, alopecia, and exudative nodes) on the legs or face and nodules on the thighs.

Transmission can be realized through direct contact from animal carriers in the environment that contain spores. Fungal spores can spread up to sambabu moon in the outside environment.

Incubation from fungal exposure to cystic lesions ranged from seven to 13 days. Tinea that is nested in wild dogs is early in immunodeficiency conditions such as due to hormonal blockers whose therapy is highly immunosuppressive.

At a later stage these lesions can collaborate with secondary bacterial infection and ultimia makita.

2. Mallasse Dermatitis

Malassezia pachydermatis is a yeast that is commonly found in small numbers in the outer canal teleng, perioral area, perianal area, and brown skin.

This disease occurs when at times when a hypersensitivity reaction or when the skin grows faster. In Dogs, Mallassial Dermatitis Gymmuntu Taraman Coexists Atopy, Food Allergy, Endocrinopathy and Niruduan Keratinization.

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Mallasse Dermatitis
In puppies purape moderate intense pruritus, regional to generalized hair loss, erythema and seborrhea. When you have a chronic condition, your skin is prone to hyperpigmentation and hyperkeratosis.

Gyumtuna samadi lesions are interdigital, ventral neck, axillary and perineal areas up to the folds of the feet. The diagnosis was confirmed by cytology, dermatohistopathology, and fungal culture (M. pachydermatis).

3. Candidiasis

Candidiasis causes opportunistic infections associated with the proliferation of Candida spp. Yan is a dimorph fungus. Yan is a normal flora.

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Candidiasis on dog paws
Candida infection. The skin will transmit this infection due to many factors such as chronic trauma to the skin, immunosuppressive blockers or exposure to cytotoxic drugs or long-term broad-spectrum antibiotics.

The mucosa will be eroded, superficial theema ulcerations with gray plaques with erythematous edges.

Skin infected with this fungus will be erythematous, swollen, eroded skin, exudate, dry skin, and nail lesions. Diagnosis was made by cytology, dermatohistopathology and yeast culture (Candida spp.).

enter the virus

1. Distemper

Canine distemper is a diseased virus from the morbilivirus family Paramyxoviridae which has canine distemper virus and animal pest virus, which functions as canine distemper virus (CDV).

The disease is common in dogs, most cases in young dogs and unvaccinated puppies. Dogs that are infected from mild to severe will develop a runny nose and finger hyperkeratosis (hard plaque disease).

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
In the case of hard bearing distemper in dogs
Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Permitted Part Hardening Arrow

Other common symptoms include pustular dermatitis, impetigo, depression, anorexia, fever, rash, to bilateral serous, mucopurulent, oculonasal, conjunctivitis, cough, shortness of breath, diarrhea, neurological signs and symptoms.

Diagnosis is made by immunocytology or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with samples taken from blood smears, nasal or eye discharge, saliva from men, conjunctival scrapings, cerebrospinal fluid (CSFJ to detect antigen damage), dermatohistopath, dermatohistopathist.

2. Dog papilloma

Canine papilloma is a benign tumor caused by viral infection in saline epithelium by specific DNA Papilloma virus DNA.

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Dog papilloma

Oncogenic viruses are widespread in Sahega, Keidat, Stability, chromosomes and mutations.

Infectious papillomavirus is associated with the sound, but also in this case.

Papilloma of the dog can strike for up to four to six months in the mouth and six to 12 months on the skin before the accusation regresses. Cellular immunity is the key to inflammatory papillomas. Immunosuppressive conditions and use of immunosuppressive drugs can and prolong infection.

There are five types of papillomavirus in dogs and each has a different clinical presentation, namely:

a) Oral papillomatosis in dogs

Macam-Macam Penyakit Kulit pada Anjing dan Penjelasannya
Oral papillomatosis in dogs

b) dog skin (exophytic)

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