Fowl Cholera (Pasteurolosis) pada Unggas

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Fowl Cholera (Pasteurolosis) pada Unggas


1.1:   Background
In addition to livestock development, more attention is paid to young animals than other areas of animal husbandry . Currently, poultry is still the largest commodity and source of income for other livestock industries such as cattle, cattle and small animal groups . Poultry cage management is inseparable from the same obstacles, one of which is the condition of insulation that is ironed out by sealing agents.

There are many types of sisstrutnya sieve-breathing agents in Indonesia, such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites . Bacteria are often considered to be highly infectious compared to viruses or other pathogens .

One of them is Escherichia coli (caused by colisepticemia ) and Pasteurella multocida (caused by cholera). Generally, almost all types of chickens can be infected. Also the caretaker is still young due to his illness.

Both of these phenomena are economically very important to the poultry industry, as they can disrupt growth, reduce productivity, increase chick numbers, reduce carcass and egg quality, and reduce chick quality. 

Therefore, it is very important for farm owners to improve management such as equipment sterilization, vaccination and biosecurity.

1.2:   Masala formula
1.2.1:    What does cholera mean in young people?
1.2.2    What is the etiology of cholera in poultry?
1.2.3    Epidemiologist What is cholera in poultry?
1.2.4:    How is clinical cholera in poultry?
1.2.5:    What is the pathological anatomy of avian cholera?
1.2.6:    What is the histopathology of fowl cholera?
1.2.7:    How is cholera diagnosed in poultry?
1.2.8:    How to prevent cholera infection in teenagers?

1.3:   God and the benefits of writing
1.3.1:    For Fulgen Assignment for Poultry Disease Course
1.3.2:    Understand the meaning of bird plague
1.3.3:    Eradication of epidemics of fowl cholera
1.3.4:    Bird flu
1.3.5:    Learn the anatomical pathology of avian plague
1.3.6:    Study the histopathology of poultry plague
1.3.7:    Learn how to diagnose bird flu
1.3.8:    Poultry plague medicine

Chapter Two:

Poultry cholera is an acute or chronic disease caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida ( P. ).

The disease is highly contagious and persists in the environment for a long time, thus it is of great economic importance for chicken breeding/raising worldwide. Acute outbreaks related to stress management or environment can reduce egg production in loop hens.

In the fifth breeder, the mating action of the Sehto Bo increases fertility, and in the Iruka it produces sumams of brood chicks.

2.1:   Etiology
Cholera is caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida which is gram negative, positive oxidizing, non motile, non spore forming, non spore forming and non spore forming. These bacteria have a capsule that determines the level of virulence and drug resistance.

Bacteria produce products such as endotoxin  The nasty Pasteurella multocida survives in soil and (unfortunately) lunar striped litter. But I think, with disinfectants and direct sunlight this bacteria can become resistant.

Adult chickens are more susceptible to infection. This bacterial infection develops in young chickens, so often in chicken nurseries. However, when measured by susceptibility levels, turkeys from chickens are more susceptible to cholera transmission than chickens. 

Pasteurella multocida , avian cholera (KU) includes 5 serogroups, namely A, B, D, E and F, and 16 strains (serotypes) based on lipopolysaccharide wall structure based on antigenic components. The main cause of cholera in young people is usually type A:1, A:3 or A:4.

2.2:   Epidemiology
In Indonesia, sporadic cholera occurs in broiler , laying and nursery areas. The disease is more common in poultry such as turkeys at maturity (12 weeks).

Epidemic diseases are associated with stressors such as climate change, environmental humidity, unsafe vaccines, transportation, sudden dietary changes, and immunosuppressive diseases.

Transmission of plague poultry can be through direct contact, indirect contact. Direct contact through nose, mouth and eye infection of chickens. Indirect contact through contaminated feed, water, equipment and P. multocida vectors such as Rats norvegicus rats.

grave d.
Illustrated process of poultry disease transmission
The onset of P. multocida bacteria entering the chicken coop is difficult to detect.

Common KU infections can occur through ingestion of contaminated water or food, inhalation of contaminated air, and direct chicken-to-chicken transmission. Surrounding environment p. Maltocida bacteria can become contaminated with equipment and chickens that have previously died of infection.

It can be seen that during this period, the main cause of infection in a cage/flock was previous infection (Crown). Scavengers such as birds, mice and concemata (flies) are intermediate hosts ( intermediates ) that are potential for pest control.

In addition, Penzak cages also spread through saliva and snot around the cage. Contaminated water equipment can add to the total contamination without adequate disinfectants and good black storage. So far, fowl cholera is not known to spread horizontally from parent to child.

Molecular pathogenesis of avian cholera disease (pathogenesis).

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